Abdominal or Laparotomy Surgery

Abdominal surgery is a broad classification for various surgical actions performed in the abdominal area to diagnose or treat an illness. This action uses a variety of techniques depending on which abdominal organs will be dissected, such as stomach, liver, or kidney, and others. Almost all of these actions usually require large incisions to tear the stomach and are usually called abdominal opening surgery or laparotomy, which is included as one major surgery and will require a long rest and rest period. However, newer techniques make laparoscopic surgery workable, where action requires only smaller incisions, which will provide smaller scars and less severe postoperative pain. Laparoscopic surgery using a flat pipe to be inserted through a small incision made in the patient’s body. In this flat pipe will be plugged in a video camera that can display images of the inside of the stomach as a direction to perform surgery. The surgical tool used is also designed to be used with the flat pipe so that large incisions do not need to be made. As a result, patients can recover from action faster and also do not lose much blood, as well as smaller scars. This action also minimizes the risk of infection. These low-risk stomach operations are increasingly popular these days as laparoscopic technology is growing. Surgical process of stomach surgery can not be done carelessly, surely with surgeons who already have experience in Gynae Singapore.


You can freely consult anything with our best Doctors and get high-quality care. Stomach surgery is recommended for patients with ailments that attack the inside of the stomach. Patients who may require stomach surgery are those who suffer from these diseases; Appendicitis, miscarriage / fetal failure, symptoms that affect the inside of the stomach, bleeding in the abdominal area. Almost all patients who experience certain symptoms will consult a doctor. Symptoms include pain, diarrhea, constipation, and changes in bowel movements. Abdominal surgery aims to reduce pain due to symptoms of a stomach injury, such as pain caused by inflamed or ruptured intestines or to control possible bleeding. Abdominal surgery also needs to confirm the underlying cause of the symptoms experienced to determine the appropriate treatment. Where possible, the underlying cause of the symptoms should be addressed in the same surgery, to avoid the possibility of further surgery in the future. Abdominal surgery will make changes to the pain suffered by the patient, defecation, breathing, and diet for a while.

Facts about HIV AIDS Symptoms

HIV AIDS usually causes early symptoms that are difficult to understand. There is still an error when determining the type of disease that occurs such as typhoid or fatigue. Whereas HIV AIDS sufferers may have felt scared. Methods to confirm the diagnosis can only be done by blood examination. If you have HIV, you should immediately consult an accredited physician at the clinic. HIV Clinic issued official recommendations and guidelines for post-exposure prophylaxis of HIV after sexual acts, injecting drug use, and other nonoccupational exposure to the HIV virus. In occupational exposure, antiretroviral (ARV) or antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is offered to healthcare workers who have been inadvertent contact with the HIV virus. Prophylaxis Exposure to HIV (HIV PEP) is also offered for high-risk sexual use or injecting drug use. Early HIV-AIDS symptoms do not show HIV AIDS infection at all. Some mild symptoms such as flu, cough, headache, fever, and feeling tired are very reasonable. This condition can occur for 2 to 6 weeks. After that, the condition of the body will recover as usual and the body will actually develop HIV virus for several years.

The lymph nodes present in the body serve to prevent all infections in the body. If the HIV virus has entered the body it can cause swelling of the gland. This condition is caused because the immune decreases drastically and the lymph glands work too hard. Patients may experience this condition for several months. When the HIV virus has entered the body then the body will fight but the viral infection often makes the immune system decline rapidly. After which the body will develop various types of diseases caused due to infections such as pneumonia, infections of the kidneys, eyes, digestive tract, and even down to the brain. This condition causes HIV infection to be difficult to treat. For women and men who are infected with HIV infection can cause reproductive disorders. This disorder causes women to experience menstrual cycle disorders. In addition, other sexual disease problems will also appear more often such as pelvic inflammatory infections, cervical cancer, and venereal disease. HIV AIDS sufferers are very vulnerable to exposure to sunlight. A red rash can appear in all parts of the skin. Usually, starts with a small bump that will make the surrounding skin becomes dull and scaly. In addition, skin diseases can also develop from herpes virus infection.

Symptoms of HIV AIDS Early Stage

HIV AIDS does take time before the virus actually infects into the body. Early symptoms of HIV infection can cause common health problems like flu, cough, fever, and headaches. But after two weeks more and the body reacts greatly to the HIV virus infection than other symptoms often arise. Here are the various symptoms that appear in accordance with the stage of infection of the HIV virus to AIDS. All people with HIV AIDS usually have several different symptoms. Every early stage usually produces symptoms of common diseases. HIV infection usually increases symptoms after a viral period enters the body between 2 to 6 weeks. The body will send a response that indicates that the virus has entered the body. These early symptoms may appear at different times, even those with HIV who have not experienced symptoms for more than 8 years. If you have HIV, you should immediately consult an accredited physician at the clinic. HIV PEP Clinic uses the latest antiretroviral (ARV) medications according to the latest guidelines. The optimal time limit for starting PEP is within 24 hours of exposure, although it has proven useful up to 72 hours after exposure.

Here are some common early symptoms of HIV AIDS: high fever that sometimes heals itself, but can reappear in a sudden, sore throat and usually more often seen as flu symptoms, there is a rash and black on the skin, The body will feel more tired and can not perform activities freely, the pain in all parts of the joints and muscles, swelling of the gland is not accompanied by pain, a very severe headache and can cause people unable to wake up or open the eyes . At a later stage then the actual patient does not feel the symptoms as in the early stages. The virus will develop in the body and not cause pain. Yet during this period viral actually develops and damages the body system. Care and treatment performed at an advanced stage serve to control cell growth and maintain organ damage. Usually, the advanced stage can reach 10 years or more depending on the condition of the patient. At this stage, the patient can still have the potential to transmit HIV even though the virus that grows in the body the number is already smaller.